The Armadillo and the SSE Hydro in Panoramic View
The Armadillo and the SSE Hydro in Panoramic View

Distinguished Glasgow Surgeon David Galloway Dissects Darwinism

ID the Future
David Galloway
Audio File (13.5 mb)

Are there natural limits to biological change? Is the evidence for design in nature well-founded? On this ID The Future, host Andrew McDiarmid concludes his conversation with historian of science Michael Keas about Christianity’s influence on the development of modern scientific inquiry.

In Part 2, Keas discusses the legacy of pioneering 19th century philosopher of science William Whewell. Considered the greatest methodologist of science during his lifetime, Whewell helped other scientists think through the implications of their work and was highly regarded by his contemporaries, including Charles Darwin. Keas contrasts Whewell’s perspective of the evidence for design with that of Darwin and discusses the importance of embracing a healthy form of methodological naturalism and methodological pluralism in scientific inquiry. 

Whewell “is a great example of an earlier leading figure in science doing something that today, the majority of scientists would not look too kindly on and maybe would even try to ostracize as being anti-science,” says Keas. Whewell demonstrated methodological pluralism, a view of scientific inquiry that allows for both intelligent and unintelligent causes and a plurality of causal agents, as long as the evidence supports it. Keas argues that we can adopt the same approach today.

This is Part 2 of a two-part conversation. Listen to Part 1.

Dig Deeper

Read the essay that inspired this conversation: Christianity Cultivated Science With and Without Methodological Naturalism

Read Dr. Keas’s book Unbelievable: 7 Myths About the History and Future of Science and Religion

David Galloway

Professor David Galloway, MD DSc FRCS FRCP FACS FACP, is a surgeon based in the West of Scotland and an alumnus of the University of Glasgow. His clinical training involved working in hospitals in Glasgow, London, and New York City. His postgraduate academic work was focused on cancer research and, in particular, aspects of cell division and how it can be influenced by various environmental and dietary factors. He developed an academic surgical practice in Glasgow focusing on surgical oncology and metabolic surgery. Since 2014 he has provided intermittent surgical support to Chitokoloki, a Christian Mission Hospital in rural Zambia and now holds registration with the Health Professions Council of Zambia. Galloway is former President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, and an Honorary Professor of Surgery, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow. He is married to Christine and they have two daughters and three grandchildren. He is a keen golfer and an avid reader of popular science, philosophy of science and religion, and current affairs. He is also in demand as a speaker on aspects of Christianity and apologetics.
David Galloway
Design Dissected
Ignaz Semmelweis
Intelligent Design
John Lennox
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
Royal Society of London
scientific dogma
scientific paradigms
Semmelweis effect
University of Glasgow