For more information on objections to design, see the appendix of
Intelligent Design: The Bridge between Science and Theology by William Dembski
1. Detectability Problem --- How is design detected?
2. Functionality Problem --- What is a designed object's function?
3. Transmission Problem --- How does an object's design trace back
historically? (search for narrative)
4. Construction Problem --- How was a designed object constructed?
5. Reverse-Engineering Problem --- How could a designed object have
6. Perturbation Problem --- How has the original design been modified
and what factors have been modified?
7. Variability Problem --- What degree of perturbation allows continued
8. Restoration Problem --- Once perturbed, how can original design be
9. Constraints Problem --- What are the constraints within which a
designed object functions well and outside of which it breaks?
10. Optimality Problem --- In what way is the design optimal?
11. Ethical Problem --- Is the design morally right?
12. Aesthetic Problem --- Is the design beautiful?
13. Intentionality Problem --- What was the intention of the designer?
14. Identity Problem --- Who is the designer?